Building Decision Trees

Mircea Preda, Ana-Maria Mirea


Decision tree learning represents a well known family of inductive learning algorithms that are able to extract, from the presented training sets, classification rules whose preconditions can be represented as disjunctions of conjunctions of constraints. The name of decision trees is due to the fact that the preconditions can be represented as a tree where each node is a constraint and each path from the root to a leaf node represents a disjunction composed from a conjunction of constraints, one constraint for each node from the path. Due to their efficiency, these methods are widely used in a diversity of domains like financial, engineering and medical. The paper proposes a new method to construct decision trees based on reinforcement learning. The new construction method becomes increasingly efficient as it constructs more and more decision trees because it can learn what constraint should be tested first in order to accurately and efficiently classify a subset of examples from the training set.


2000 Mathematics Subject Classification. Primary 68T05; Secondary 91C20.

Key words and phrases. Decision tree, Reinforcement learning, Inductive learning, Classification, Splitting criteria.

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